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An ideal location

What would the ideal place be like for the JOY Goats programme? Somewhere that they already milk their local goats, but wish that the goats were more productive. Somewhere where almost every household kept goats, and more than just one or two. Somewhere that the suitable improver bucks were within the price that farmers could afford for themselves.

The place exists - Kasese District ,on the Eastern side of the Rwenzori Mountains.

Up in the hills there are very few cows and almost every family keeps, and milks, goats. But they only get a fraction of a cup of milk each day, and only for the first couple of weeks after the goat delivers. (After that, what little milk the goat produces is needed for its own kids.)


It is not always easy to reach the upper slopes where the largest numbers of goats are found. In some cases even the motorbike cannot reach them, and the last stage has to be done on foot. This means that the Field Officer’s time is occupied with travelling, and only one village can be visited in a day.

On the positive side there are local organisations that are already active right up to the upper limits of the inhabited area. The partner for the initial pilot phase is Rwenzori Youth Initiative for Development.

Modular Project Design

The district is naturally divided into sections by the rivers that run off of the mountains. This river may not look particularly impassible, but the picture was taken in the dry season - those boulders were washed down by the rainy season floodwaters.

These natural divisions mean that we can conveniently consider the district to be comprised of 34 zones, each of which will have its own sub-project, overseen by a local farmers' group.

Adapting to the local culture

We carried out a lot of interviews with farmers as we planned the project. They were very clear that they wanted more milk, but were equally clear that they also needed to maintain the robustness of their goat stock. So the 50% crossbreeds that we normally aim for would not be suitable, instead, we would use 50% males to mate with local females, to produce even lower grade offspring.

Cost-Effective Breeding Plan

The 50% males are much cheaper than the high-grade bucks that we normally use - within the price-range affordable by local farmers. We will still need to carry out training, but we do not need to buy the male goats. In each zone, there is generally at least one village that is prepared to breed 50% crosses. Also, there are semi-urban settings such as the edge of Kasese Municipality or the mining town of Kilembe (in the picture to the left) where 50% crosses are very appropriate. In this way, a few carefully placed purebred male goats can be used to generate the larger number of crossbred males for the wider programme.

The Target

We started in 2016 in just one sub-county of Kasese District. It has now expanded to the whole of the northern half of Kasese District, and we have started to extend into the southern half and also Bunyangabu District to the north.

Our target is to extend to the whole of the Rwenzori Mountains. In 2022 we had the opportunity to start a project in Ntoroko District, at the northern tip of the mountain range. Building on the experience gained in Kasese District, it has started very strongly, and is already extending into parts of Bundibugyo and Kabarole Districts.

A similar cultural and physical environment exists all round the Rwenzori range, including the part in the Democratic Republic of Congo. So far the work has only been on the Ugandan side. But if suitable partner organisations can be found in DRC, and when peace is sufficiently well established, we hope to also be able to take the innovations across the border.

Kasese  District